Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Physics

ISSN 1817-3020 (Print)
ISSN 2542-193X (Online)


For citation:

Makurenkova A. A., Makurenkov A. M., Anikin V. M. Sixty years among rockets and rocket scientists. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics , 2021, vol. 21, iss. 4, pp. 381-393. DOI: 10.18500/1817-3020-2021-21-4-381-393, EDN: ERGCMY

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Published online: 
30.11.2021
Full text:
(downloads: 313)
Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
53(091):53(092)
EDN: 
ERGCMY

Sixty years among rockets and rocket scientists

Autors: 
Makurenkova Anna A., Lomonosov Moscow State University
Makurenkov Aleksandr M., Lomonosov Moscow State University
Anikin Valery Mikhailovich, Saratov State University
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: The publication reveals the pages of the history of rocketry and space research in the USSR and Russia on the example of the work biography by Elvira Alexandrovna Lukyanova. After graduating from the Faculty of Physics of Saratov University (1953), she worked for 60 years in the experimental design bureau OKB-1 of S.P. Korolev and in research and production structures subsequently formed on its basis. Elvira A. Lukyanova participated in the design and experimental development of the first artificial Earth satellite (Sputnik), the Vostok spacecraft, on which on April 12, 1961. Yu. A. Gagarin performed the world’s first space flight, the warheads of launch vehicles 8K11, 8K11FM, 8K51, 8K71; in the design, bench and flight design tests of the N1 launch vehicle (according to the L3 lunar program) and the Energia-Buran reusable space transport system; in the design, bench and flight design tests of oxygen-hydrogen upper stages C and SR, upper stages DM (according to the lunar programs L1, L3), DM-SL (according to the Sea Launch program), DM-SLB (under the Ground Launch program). Materials and Methods: When writing the article, official documents and informational materials of S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, memoirs and materials of Elvira A. Lukyanova’s home archive were used. Conclusion: The pioneering role of the USSR and Russia in space activities is reflected from the position of a direct participant in the legendary events of the 1950s – 2010s. An emotional uplift was noted, caused in the mood of people by the successes of the first domestic space projects.

Reference: 
  1. Anikin V. M. Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Saratov State University (1917–1945). Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 1, pp. 64–79 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1817-3020-2018-18-1-64-79
  2. Usanov D. A., Anikin V. M. Scientifi c and Educational Physical Schools in Saratov (on the 80th Anniversary of the Saratov Region). Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 3, pp. 178–190 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1817-3020-2016-16-3-178-190
  3. Saliy I. N. On the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the Faculty of Physics Department of N. G. Chernyshevsky Saratov State University (fragments of history). Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics, 2015, vol. 5, iss. 1, pp. 5–38 (in Russian).
  4. S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia. [1946–1996. Prepared by A. P. Aleksandrov et al.]. Korolev, S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia Publ., 1996. 671 p. (in Russian).
  5. S. P. Korolev i yego delo : svet i teni v istorii kosmonavtiki : izbrannyye trudy i doklady [S. P. Korolev and His Work: Light and Shadows in the History of Cosmonautics: Selected Works and Reports]. RAS. Department of Mechanical Engineering Problems, Mechanics and Control Processes. Commission for the Development of the Scientific Heritage of the Pioneers of Outer Space Exploration; total ed. by B. V. Rauschenbach; compiler G. S. Vetrov. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1998. 716 p. (in Russian).
  6. Shindyapin G. P., Chernov I. A. A classic of transonic aerodynamics Savely Vladimirovich Falkovich. Ocherki istorii fi ziko-matematicheskogo obrazovaniya v Saratovskom universitete [Essays on the History of Physics and Mathematics Education at Saratov University. Total ed. by V. M. Anikin]. Saratov, Izdatelstvo Saratovskogo Universiteta, 2019, pp. 34–44 (in Russian).
  7. Feoktistov K. P. Zato my delali rakety. Vospominaniya i razmyshleniya kosmonavta-issledovatelya [But We Made Rockets. Memories and Reflections of an Astronaut-Researcher]. Moscow, Vremya Publ., 2005. 288 p. (in Russian).
  8. Memories by V. V. Molodtsov on the Beginning of Space Research at EDB-1. In Extracts. RGANTD, f. 3, op. 10, dd. 5, 14, 15. Available at: http://av.disus.ru/proekt/1475078-1-r--molodcov-vladimir-vasilevichveter... (accessed 7 July 2021) (in Russian).
  9. Baturin Yu. M. Vlasteliny beskonechnosti. Kosmonavt o professii i sud’be [Masters of Infinity. Cosmonaut on the Profession and Fate. Foreword by Alexei Leonov]. Moscow, Alpina Publ., 2018. 674 p. (in Russian).
  10. Anikin V. M. Cosmic pages of biographies of Saratov University graduates. Vzaimodeystviye sverkhvysokochastotnogo teragertsoyevogo i opticheskogo izlucheniya s poluprovodnikovymi mikro- i nanostrukturami, metamaterialami i bioob”yektami : sbornik statey Vos’moy Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy shkoly-seminara [A. V. Skripal, ed. Interaction of Microwave Terahertz and Optical Radiation with Semiconductor Micro- and Nanostructures, Metamaterials and Biological Objects: Collection of Articles of the Eighth All-Russian Scientific Schoolseminar]. Saratov, Saratovskiy istochnik Publ., 2021, pp. 9–16 (in Russian).
Received: 
30.09.2021
Accepted: 
15.10.2021
Published: 
30.11.2021