Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Physics

ISSN 1817-3020 (Print)
ISSN 2542-193X (Online)


For citation:

Mazinov A. S., Padalinsky M. M., Boldyrev N. A., Starosek A. V. Simulation of scattering properties of modular metasurfaces in the 16–25 GHz range and comparison with experimental results. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics , 2023, vol. 23, iss. 2, pp. 102-111. DOI: 10.18500/1817-3020-2023-23-2-102-111, EDN: SXWPVG

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Published online: 
30.06.2023
Full text:
(downloads: 113)
Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
537.874
EDN: 
SXWPVG

Simulation of scattering properties of modular metasurfaces in the 16–25 GHz range and comparison with experimental results

Autors: 
Mazinov Alim Seit-Ametovitch, V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Physical-Technical Institute
Padalinsky Mikhail M., V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Physical-Technical Institute
Boldyrev Nikolay A., V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Physical-Technical Institute
Starosek Aleksandr Viktorovitch, V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Physical-Technical Institute
Abstract: 

Background and Objectives: Metasurfaces are coatings consisting of elementary resonators that reemit incident UHF electromagnetic waves. By varying the parameters and arrangement of these resonators, it is possible to tune the electrical properties of the metasurface as a whole. This produces a number of practically important characteristics that are difficult to achieve with conventional attenuation coatings, and therefore prospective in the tasks of shielding of electronic devices and attenuation of the reflected signal. As there are many possible configurations of resonators, numerical experiments are needed for an effective comparative analysis. We investigate metasurfaces consisting of rectangular stripline resonators arranged on a dielectric substrate in a checkerboard pattern in two configurations. The aim of the study is to obtain scattering diagrams in numerical experiments and compare them with real structures. Materials and Methods: In this paper a computer simulation of the interaction of metasurfaces with the microwave radiation in open space is carried out using the CST Studio package with a time domain solver. Calculations were performed for several frequencies in the range of 16 to 25 GHz. Experiments were then carried out with real structures at the same frequencies, using a bistatic method of measurements. The structures, with single resonators measuring 2×4.2 mm matching the frequency range, consisted of etched copper-plated FR4 sheets overlaid on a metal plate. Results: The results show that the value of the normal component of the reflected electromagnetic wave decreases as the incident frequency approaches the resonance frequency. Also, side lobes, with a frequency-dependent magnitude, are observed. The scattering diagrams obtained with real samples show the same characteristic features with differences caused by physical particularities of the receiving antenna as well as the presence of diffraction effects. Both structures examined have shown high incident wave scattering, which is clearly indicated by the redistribution of the central lobe in diagrams. Comparison has shown that the simulated metasurfaces have similar patterns to the experimental diagrams. Conclusion: The comparative analysis has demonstrated a satisfactory fit of the simulation to the experiment. Further studies with structures of this type are planned in the future. It may be noted that the CST Studio package has worked well and will be used in future studies.

Acknowledgments: 
The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 22-22-20126) and Crimea region grant.
Reference: 
  1. Chen H.-T., Padilla W. J., Zide J. M. O., Gossard A. C., Taylor A. J., Averitt R. D. Active terahertz metamaterial devices. Nature, 2006, vol. 444, no. 7119, pp. 597–600. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05343
  2. Della Giovampaola C., Engheta N. Digital metamaterials. Nature Materials, 2014, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1115–1121. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4082
  3. Zaki B., Firouzeh Z.-H., Zeidaabadi-Nezhad A., Maddahali M. Wideband RCS reduction using three different implementations of AMC structures. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, 2019, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 533–540. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-map.2018.5024
  4. Yan X., Liang L., Yang J., Liu W., Ding X., Xu D., Zhang Y., Cui T., Yao J. Broadband, wide-angle, low-scattering terahertz wave by a flexible 2-bit coding metasurface. Optics Express, 2015, vol. 23, no. 22, pp. 29128–29137. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.23.029128
  5. Khan T. A., Li J., Chen J., Raza M. U., Zhang A. Design of a Low Scattering Metasurface for Stealth Applications. Materials, 2019, vol. 12, no. 18, article no. 3031. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12183031
  6. Shao L., Premaratne M., Zhu W. Dual-Functional Coding Metasurfaces Made of Anisotropic All-Dielectric Resonators. IEEE Access, 2019, vol. 7, pp. 45716–45722. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2908830
  7. Zhao Y., Cao X., Gao J., Liu X., Li S. Jigsaw puzzle metasurface for multiple functions: Polarization conversion, anomalous reflection and diffusion. Optics Express, 2016, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 11208–11217. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.24.011208
  8. Zhuang Y., Wang G., Zhang Q., Zhou C. Low-Scattering Tri-Band Metasurface Using Combination of Diffusion, Absorption and Cancellation. IEEE Access, 2018, vol. 6, pp. 17306–17312. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2810262
  9. Cui T. J., Qi M. Q., Wan X., Zhao J., Cheng Q. Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials. Light: Science & Applications, 2014, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. e218. https://doi.org/10.1038/lsa.2014.99
  10. Semenikhin A. I., Semenikhina D. V., Yukhanov Y. V., Blagovisnyy P. V. Block principle of constructing and estimating the rcs reduction of nonabsorbing broadband 2 bit anisotropic digital meta-coatings. Zhurnal Radioelektroniki [Journal of Radio Electronics], 2020, no. 12 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.30898/1684-1719.2020.12.4
  11. Kurushin A. A., Plastikov A. N. Proektirovanie SVCh ustroistv v srede CST Microwave Studio [Designing microwave devices in CST Microwave Studio suite]. Moscow, Moscow Power Engineering Institute Publ., 2011. 155 p. (in Russian).
  12. Blagovisnyy P. V., Semenikhin A. I. Full-wave and impedance models of ultra wideband thin twist-metapolarizers for cloacking coverings. Zhurnal Radioelektroniki [Journal of Radio Electronics], 2020, no. 8 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.30898/1684-1719.2020.8.12
  13. Bankov S. E., Kurushin A. A. Elektrodinamika dlia pol’zovatelei SAPR SVCh [Electrodynamics for microwave CAD users]. Moscow, Solon-Press, 2017. 316 p. (in Russian).
  14. Kurushin A. A. Shkola proektirovaniia SVCh ustroistv v CST STUDIO SUITE [School of designing microwave devices in CST Studio suite]. Moscow, One-Book, 2014. 433 p. (in Russian).
  15. Kane Yee. Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving maxwell’s equations in isotropic media. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 1966, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 302–307. https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.1966.1138693
  16. Krietenstein B., Schuhmann R., Weiland T., Thoma P. The Perfect Boundary Approximation Technique Facing the Big Challenge of High Precision Field Computation. Proceedings of the XIX International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 98). Chicago, 1998, pp. 860–862.
  17. Weiland T. A discretization model for the solution of Maxwell’s equations for six-component fields. Archiv Elektronik und Uebertragungstechnik, 1977, Bd. 31, S. 116–120.
  18. Gorbachev A. P., Ermakov E. A. Proektirovanie pechatnykh fazirovannykh antennykh reshetok v SAPR “CST Microwave Studio” [Designing printed phased array antennas in “CST Microwave Studio” CAD]. Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk State Technical University Publ., 2008. 88 p. (in Russian).
  19. Demming-Janssen F., Krüger H., Thoma P., Löcker C., Bertuch T., Eibert T. Time domain simulation of conformal antennas using the finite integration technique (FIT) with PBA geometry discretisation and local time step adaptive sub-gridding. 3rd European Workshop on Conformal Antennas. Bonn, 2003, pp. 45–48.
  20. Mazinov A. S., Fitaev I. Sh., Boldyrev N. A. Influence of spatial orientation of conducting elements of composite metasurfaces on their frequency characteristics and scattering diagrams in the microwave range. Bulletin of Voronezh State Technical University, 2022, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 86–90 (in Russian).
Received: 
10.01.2023
Accepted: 
25.02.2023
Published: 
30.06.2023