Izvestiya of Saratov University.


ISSN 1817-3020 (Print)
ISSN 2542-193X (Online)

For citation:

Anikin V. M., Churochkin D. V., Churochkina S. V. “Ah, what is moving there along the river…” To the 95th anniversary of the VI Congress of the Russian Association of Physicists. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics , 2023, vol. 23, iss. 3, pp. 265-280. DOI: 10.18500/1817-3020-2023-23-3-265-280, EDN: OLKYAO

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Published online: 
Full text:
(downloads: 75)
Article type: 

“Ah, what is moving there along the river…” To the 95th anniversary of the VI Congress of the Russian Association of Physicists

Anikin Valery Mikhailovich, Saratov State University
Churochkin Dmitry V., Saratov State University
Churochkina Svetlana Viktorovna, Saratov State University

Background and Objectives: In August 1928, the VI Congress of the Russian Association of Physicists was held in the USSR with broad international participation. The congress was distinguished by: a qualified composition of participants (it was attended by 6 future Nobel Prize winners and up to 30 future members of the USSR Academy of Sciences): broad state support; an unusual mobile format; after holding plenary sessions at Moscow University. The congress, called Volga Congress in the foreign press, continued its work on the steamer “Alexey Rykov” and in the Volga university cities (Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Saratov). The materials of the congress are now considered as a certain cross-section of the achievements of world physics in the late 1920s. Materials and Methods: The purpose of the article is to supplement the published materials on the history of the congress with an analysis of information reflecting the events at the congress and around it and contained in the domestic central and regional periodicals of August 1928, as well as in the memoirs of participants in the events of those days. Conclusion: The attracted materials testify to the understanding of the significance and originality of the Physics Congress-1928, which was the last congress in the history of the Russian Association of Physicists, by the authorities, the scientific and teaching community, and students.

  1. Anikin V. M. Volga Congress as a mirror of the development of physical sciences in the 1920s. On the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Russian Association of Physicists. Vestnik Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk, 2020, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 81–88 (in Russian). https://doi.org/31857/S0869587320010028
  2. Programma zasedanij VI s’’ezda Rossijskoj Associacii Fizikov: Moskva. N. Novgorod. Kazan’. Saratov. 5– 15 avgusta 1928 g. [The Program of Meetings of the VI Congress of the Russian Association of Physicists: Moscow. N.-Novgorod. Kazan. Saratov. August 5–15, 1928]. Moscow, Pervaya obrazcovaya tipografiya Gosizdata, [1928]. 15 p. (in Russian).
  3. Shestoy s’’yezd russkiy fizikov. Moskva, Nizhniy Novgorod, Kazan’, Saratov (5–16 avgusta 1928 g.). Perechen’ dokladov, predstavlennykh na s’’yezd s kratkim ikh soderzhaniyem [The Sixth Congress of Russian Physicists. Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Saratov (August 5–16, 1928). The list of reports submitted to the Congress with a summary of them]. Moscow, Gosizdat, 1928. 62 p. (in Russian).
  4. Vavilov S. I. The Sixth Congress of Russian Physicists. Nauchnoye slovo [Scientific Word], 1928, no. 8, pp. 95–101 (in Russian).
  5. Kravets T. P. VI All-Union Congress of Physicists. Priroda [Nature. Sov.], 1928, no. 10, pp. 914–920 (in Russian).
  6. Born M. VI Kongreß der Assoziation der russischen Physiker. Die Naturwissenschaften, 1928, Bd. 16, Heft 39, September, S. 741–743 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01506295
  7. Darwin C. G. The Sixth Congress of Russian Physicists Nature, 1928, vol. 122, pp. 630.
  8. Ioffe A. F. Vstrechi s fizikami. Moi vospominaniya o zarubezhnykh fizikakh [Meetings with Physicists. My memories of foreign physicists]. Leningrad, Nauka, Lenningr. otd-niye, 1983. 262 p. (Scientific and Biographical Literature) (in Russian).
  9. Frenkel V. Ya. Yakov Ilich Frenkel. Scientific and Biographical Literature. Leningrad, Nauka, Lenningr. otdniye, 1966. 474 p. (in Russian).
  10. Frenkel V. Ya. Yakov Ilich Frenkel: His work, life and letters. Basel Boston, Birkhäuser Verlag, 1996 viii+323 p.
  11. P. Dirac and I. E. Tamm. Selected correspondence. Publication, translation and comments by A. B. Kozhevnikov and V. Ya. Frenkel. In: Paul Dirac i fizika XX stoletiya. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Medvedev B. V., ed. Dirac and Physics of the XX century. Collection of scientific works]. Moscow, Nauka, 1990, pp. 138–176 (in Russian).
  12. Anikin V. M. Scientific history fragments of the Big physical auditorium of Saratov University. Two Congresses – Two of Vavilovs. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, 2020, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 547–566 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/0869-6632-2020-28-5-547-566
  13. Anikin V. M. Holding the Sixth Congress of the Russian Association of Physicists at the Saratov University. Ocherki istorii fiziko-matematicheskogo obrazovaniya v Saratovskom universitete [Anikin V. M., ed. Essays on the history of physics and mathematics education at the Saratov University.]. Saratov, Saratov State University Publ., 2020, iss. 2, pp. 23–37 (in Russian).
  14. Usanov D. A., Anikin V. M. The Sixth Congress of Russian Physicists in Saratov (August 15, 1928). Izvestiya of Saratov University. Physics, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 2, pp. 153– 161 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1817-3020-2019-19-2-153-161
  15. Usanov D. A., Anikin V. M. The Sixth Congress of Russian physicists in 1928: A view from the XXI century. Tribune of Phys. Usp. Published online June 28, 2019. Available at: https://ufn.ru/tribune/trib131.pdf (accessed June 12, 2023) (in Russian).
  16. Anikin V. M. P. N. Lebedev’s “Factory of Young Physicists” and Saratov University. Phys. Usp., 2016, vol. 59, iss. 2, pp. 162–166. https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNe.0186.201602e.0169
  17. Frisch S. E. Skvoz’ prizmu vremeni [Through the Prism of Time]. Moscow, Politizdat, 1992. 430 p. (in Russian).
  18. Chelovek stoletiyaYulij Borisovich Khariton [Mikhailov V. N., ed. Man of the Century Yulij Borisovich Khariton]. Moscow, IzdAT, 1999. 664 p. (in Russian).
  19. Galanin D. D. VI Congress of Russian physicists. Fizika, khimiya, matematika, tekhnika v trudovoj shkole [Physics, chemistry, mathematics, technology in the labor school], 1928, no. 4, pp. 146–148 (in Russian).
  20. Sominsky M. S. Abram Fedorovich Ioffe [1880–1960]. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Scientific and biographical series. Moscow, Leningrad, Nauka, 1964. 644 p. (in Russian).
  21. Sardanashvili G. A. Dmitry Ivanenko – superzvezda sovetskoj fiziki. Nenapisannye memuary [Dmitry Ivanenko – the superstar of Soviet physics: Unwritten memoirs]. Science in the USSR. Through thorns to the stars. Moscow, URSS, 2014. 320 p. (in Russian).
  22. Isaac Konstantinovich Kikoin v zhizni i v “Kvante”. K 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya [Brook Yu. M., Tikhomirova V. A., Chernoutsan A. I., comp. Isaac Konstantinovich Kikoin in life and in “Quantum” (to the 100th anniversary of his birth)]. The library “Quantum”, iss. 106. Appendix to the magazine “Quantum” no. 2/2008. Moscow, Bureau Quantum, 2008. 240 p. (in Russian).
  23. Silkin I. I. Evgeny Konstantinovich Zavoysky: dokumental’naya khronika nauchnoy i pedagogicheskoy deyatel’nosti v Kazanskom universitete [Evgeny Konstantinovich Zavoysky: Documentary chronicle of scientific and pedagogical activity at Kazan University]. Kazan, Kazanskii gosudarstvennyi universitet Publ., 2007. 238 p. (in Russian).
  24. Altshuler N. S., Larionov A. L. Pages of scientific and personal biography of S. A. Altshuler In: K issledovaniyu fenomena sovetskoj fiziki 1950–1960 gg. Sotsiokul’turnye i mezhdistsiplinarnye aspecty [Vizgin V. P., Kessenikh A. V., Tomilin K. A., comp. and eds. To the study of the phenomenon of Soviet physics of the 1950s–1960s. Sociocultural and interdisciplinary aspects]. Saint Petersburg, RHGA Publ., 2014, pp. 263–314 (in Russian).
  25. Klyuchevich A. S. Vospominaniya khimika – vypusknika KGU [Memoirs of a chemist – graduate from KSU]. Kazan, Kazanskii gosudarstvennyi universitet Publ., 2002. 72 p. (in Russian).