optical soliton

Discrete-Eigenvalue Multiplexing for Soliton Fiber-Optic Communication Links

Background and Objectives: The nonlinear Fourier transform gives a powerful tool to analyze fiber-optics solitons. The solitons are described by a discrete set of eigenvalues of two coupled differential equations, which gives the nonlinear Fourier transform. Using the discrete eigenvalues for optical signal coding can increase the signal-to-noise ratio and reduce the effect of fiber nonlinearity. In the present paper an all-fiber-optics method is proposed to modulate the discrete eigenvalues.

Optical Soliton Inelastic Interacitons in Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with Variable Coefficients Model

It is shown that in systems described by nonlinear Schrödinger equation with variable coefficients, interaction of two solitons can carry an inelastic character. Inelastic collision solitons can lead to changes in their group velocities, amplitudes and durations. We consider some particular cases related to the separation of the soliton pair and formation of a bound state of two solitons. In the applied aspect these phenomena can be used to control the soliton interaction in optical fiber communications.