Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1817-3020 (Print)
ISSN 2542-193X (Online)


North Atlantic Oscillation

Phase Dynamics Modeling Technique for Estimation of Delayed Couplings between Nonlinear Oscillators Accounting for Influence of Amplitudes

An established interval estimator of a time delay in coupling between oscillators, which is based on empirical modeling of phase dynamics and maximum likelihood formalism, is shown to give sometimes erroneous conclusions about the value of the time delay. It occurs when the dynamics of amplitudes affects phases, which is typical of nonlinear oscillatory systems under the influence of strong noises or in chaotic regimes. We suggest an empirical criterion to diagnose such situations and a modified estimator of time delay which allows one to avoid erroneous conclusions.