# Lyapunov exponent

## Lorenz Attractor in a System with Delay: an Example of Pseudogyperbolic Chaos

**Background and Objectives:** The work contributes to a research direction aimed at search for and construction of physically realizable systems, which could fill the mathematical theory of pseudo-hyperbolic dynamics with physical content. Chaotic attractors belonging to this class generate genuine chaos that does not degrade under small variations of parameters and functions in dynamical equations.

## From Anosov’s Dynamics on a Surface of Negative Curvature to Electronic Generator of Robust Chaos

**Background and Objectives:** Systems with hyperbolic chaos should be of preferable interest due to structural stability (roughness) that implies insensitivity to variation of parameters, manufacturing imperfections, interferences, etc. However, until recently, exclusively formal mathematical examples of this kind of dynamical behavior were known.

## Chaos in the System of Three Coupled Rotators: from Anosov Dynamics to Hyperbolic Attractor

The work presents an example of a system with chaotic dynamics built of three rotators by modifying a conservative system with hyperbolic Anosov dynamics. Results of a computational study of chaotic dynamics are considered (portraits of attractors, time dependences of the variables, Lyapunov exponents, and spectra) and good correspondence is observed between the dynamics on the attractor of the proposed system with the reduced model, characterized by the Anosov dynamics at appropriately defined energy.