Cite this article as:

Usanov D. A. Saratov Pages of the History of Physics: V. P. Jousset, E. F. Gross. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New series. Series Physics, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 3, pp. 228-236. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1817-3020-2018-18-2-228-236


UDC: 
621.315.592
Language: 
Russian

Saratov Pages of the History of Physics: V. P. Jousset, E. F. Gross

Abstract

The facts from the biography of V. P. Zhuze and E. F. Gross, related to their work at the Saratov State University, have been described. The content of new effects and relationships, which were established for the first time by V. P. Zhuze and E. F. Gross and became the history of semiconductor physics, has been briefly described. The information on the development of the research direction, for the first time organized at the Saratov State University by V. P. Zhuze, after his departure has been presented. The conclusion on the influence of V. P. Zhuze and E. F. Gross on the direction of the development of physical research at the Saratov State University has been drawn.

References

1. Semenov N. N. Vospominaniya ob A. F. Ioffe: sbornik statej [Memories of A. F. Ioffe: Collection of articles]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1980. 587 p. (in Russian).

2. Usanov D. A. Shkola A. F. Ioffe kak primer edinstva nauki, obrazovaniya i proizvodstva [The school of AF Ioffe as an example of the unity of science, education and production]. Izvestiya VUZ, Ser. Electronics, 2006, no. 5, pp. 118–123 (in Russian).

3. Zhuse Panteleimon Krestovich. Russkaya enciklopediya : v 20 t. [Russian Encyclopedia: in 20 vols.]. Eds. S. A. Andrianov, E. D. Grimm, A. V. Klossovskiy, G. V. Hlopin. St. Petersburg, Pg., Deyatel’, 1914, vol. 8. P. 123 (in Russian).

4. Zhuse Panteleimon Krestovich (20.07.1870–1940), Russkiiy religioznyi deyatel'. Bol’shaya enciklopediya: v 62 t. [Zhuse Panteleimon Krestovich (20.07.1870–1940) Russian religious fi gure. Big encyclopedia: in 62 vol.]. Moscow, Terra Publ., 2000, vol. 17, pp. 133–134 (in Russian).

5. Zhuze V. P., Kurchatov B. V. K voprosu ob elektroprovodnosti zakisi medi [On the problem of the electrical conductivity of cuprous oxide]. JETP, 1932, vol. 2, iss. 5–6, pp. 309–317 (in Russian).

6. Zhuze V. P., Koshkin V. M., Palatnik L. S., Atroshchenko L. V., Ovechkina E. E., Romanov V. P., Sergeeva V. M., Shelikh A. I. Svojstvo himicheskoj inertnosti primesej metallov v poluprovodnikah so stekhiometricheskimi vakansiyami [The property of chemical inertness metal impurities in semiconductors with stoichiometric vacancies]. Nauchnye otkrytiya Rossii. Gosudarstvennyj reestr otkrytij SSSR. Himiya, materialovedenie. Nauchnye otkrytiya v oblasti metallovedeniya [Scientific discoveries of Russia. The state register of discoveries of the USSR. Chemistry, materials science], no. 245 with priority from 15 July 1960 (in Russian).

7. Usanov D. A. Zinaida Ivanovna Kiryashkina (1914– 1985). K 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya [To the 100th anniversary of the birth]. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, otdel'nyj ottisk, pp. 5–7 (in Russian).

8. Usanov D. A., Nikitov S. A., Skripal A. V., Ponomarev D. V. Odnomernye SVCH fotonnye kristally. Novye oblasti primeneniya [One-dimensional microwave photonic crystals. New applications]. Moscow, FIZMATLIT Publ., 2018. 184 p. (in Russian).

9. Frenkel Ya. I. O pogloshchenii sveta i prilipanii elektronov v kristallicheskih dielektrikah [On the absorption of light and the attachment of electrons in crystalline dielectrics]. JETP, 1936, vol. 6, iss. 7, pp. 647–665 (in Russian).

10. Gross E. F., Karryev N. A. Pogloshhenie sveta kristallom zakisi medi v infrakrasnoj i vidimoj chasti spektra [The light absorption by copper oxide in the infrared and visible spectrum]. Soviet Physics. Doklady of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1952, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 261–264 (in Russian).

11. Gross E. F., Karryev N. A. Opticheskij spektr eksitona [Optical spectrum of an exciton]. Soviet Physics. Doklady of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1952, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 471–474 (in Russian).

12. Gross E.F. Spektr vozbuzhdeniya eksitonov v kristallicheskoj reshetke [Excitation spectrum of excitons in a crystal lattice]. Uspekhi fi zicheskih nauk, 1975, vol. 3, pp. 575–611 (in Russian).

13. Zhuze V. P., Ryvkin S. M. Kompleksnoe issledovanie fotoprovodimosti [Complex research of photoconductivity]. JETP, 1950, vol. 20, iss. 2, pp. 152–165 (in Russian).

14. Zhuze V. P., Ryvkin S. M. Eksitonnyj harakter pogloshcheniya sveta i primesnaya fotoprovodimost’ [Excitonic character of light absorption and impurity photoconductivity]. Soviet Physics. Doklady of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1951, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 241–244 (in Russian).

15. Hayashi М., Katsuki К. Absorption spectrum of cuprous oxide. J. Phys. Soc., Japan, 1950, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 380–381.

16. Ioffe A. F., Gross E. F., Frenkel I. N., Karryev N. A. Yavlenie suchsestvovaniya osobogo vozbyzhdennogo kristala – aksitona [The phenomenon of the existence of a special excited state of the crystal – exciton]. Gosudarstvennyj reestr otkrytij SSSR. Mekhanika, avtomatika, elektronika. [Scientifi c discoveries of Russia. The state register of discoveries of the USSR. Mechanics, automation, electronics], no. 105 with priority from 1931 (in Russian).

17. Anikin V. M. Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the Saratov University (1917–1945). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Physics, 2018, vol. 15, iss. 1, pp. 64–79 (in Russian).

Short text (in English): 
Full text (in Russian):