Cite this article as:

Usanov D. A., Anikin V. M. Scientific and Educational Physical Schools in Saratov (on the 80th Anniversary of the Saratov Region). Izvestiya of Saratov University. New series. Series Physics, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 3, pp. 178-190 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1817-3020-2016-16-3-178-190


UDC: 
001.8
Language: 
Russian

Scientific and Educational Physical Schools in Saratov (on the 80th Anniversary of the Saratov Region)

Abstract

We present a brief history of scientific-educational schools in physics in Saratov since the founding of Saratov University (1909). Saratov belongs to Russian industrial centers that have extensive experience of research, development of technology of electronic equipment, training for this field of science and technology. The outstanding scientist Peter N. Lebedev was at the forefront of physical education and science in Saratov. Five of his students led by the Master of Physics Vladimir D. Zernov participated in the organization of the Physics Institute of Saratov Imperial Nicholas University, the tenth University of Russia. The article shows the scientific genealogical lines, including (a) vacuum electronics (Peter N. Lebedev – Konstantin A. Leontiev – Vladimir N. Shevchik and Vsevolod S. Stal’mahov – Dmitry I. Trubetskov, Peter N. Lebedev – Konstantin A. Leontiev – Peter V. Golubkov – Venedict I. Kalinin – Grigory M. Gerstein – Vadim S. Anischenko, Peter N. Lebedev – Konstantin A. Leontiev – Peter V. Golubkov – Alexander F. Golubentsev ), (b) solidstate electronics (Vladimir P. Zhuse and Evgeny F.Gross are founders), (c) chemical physics (Nobel laureate Nikolai N. Semenov gave start of its development in Saratov), (d) theoretical physics (Dmitry I. Blokhintsev and Alexander S. Shekhter are founders), (d) optics, laser physics and biophotonics (Mark L. Katz – Valery V. Tuchin). The most important scientific events in Saratov reflecting the achievements of Saratov physicists are following: the 6th All-Union Congress of Physicists (1928) with the participation of the Nobel Prize winners of the future Max Born, Peter J. W. Debye, Paul A. M. Dirac, Nikolai N. Semenov, Lev D. Landau; the Fourth IEEE International Vacuum Electron Sources Conference (IVESC, 2002; the 20th International Symposium “Nanostructures: Physics and Technology” (2012); the Annual International Symposia and Schools on optics, laser physics, biophotonics “Saratov Fall Meeting” (since 1996).

References

1. Zernov V. D. Physical Institute of Emperor Nicholas University in Saratov. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 59– 64 (in Russian).

2. Anikin V. M. P. N. Levedev’s «Factory of Young Physicists» and Saratov University. Phys. Usp., 2016, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 162–166. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNe.0186.201602e.0169 (in Russian).

3. Anikin V. M. Scientifi c P. N. Lebedev’s Scientifi c School and Saratov University. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2015, vol. 15, iss. 2, pp. 49– 52 (in Russian).

4. Anikin V. M., Poizner B. N., Sosnin E. A., Shuvalov A. V. Fenomen nauchnoj shkoly: istorija, tipologija poluchenija i peredachi znanij, psihologija kommunikacij [The phenomenon of the scientifi c school: history, typology of the receipt and transmission of knowledge, communication psychology]. Ed. V. M. Anikin. Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2015. 232 p. (in Russian).

5. Golubkov P. V. Konstantin Aleksandrovich Leontiev. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 65– 68 (in Russian).

6. Anishchenko V. S., Khokhlov A. V. Venedikt Ivanovich Kalinin (1907–1960 ). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2008, vol. 8, iss. 1, pp. 49– 58 (in Russian).

7. Anishchenko V. S. Professor V. I. Kalinin and university education. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2008, vol. 8, iss. 1, pp. 58–64 (in Russian).

8. Usanov D. A. International meeting of Russian physicists in the Past and Present. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics. 2013, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 127–134 (in Russian).

9. Anikin V. M. “To get the ability to do the physical dimension and research”. A Centenary of physical education and science in Saratov. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 53–58 (in Russian).

10. Usanov D. A. The Great Physical Auditorium: the Best of the Best. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, p. 76 (in Russian).

11. Georgij Moiseevich Gershtejn: bibliogr. ukaz. [Georgy Moiseevich Gerstein: refs. Decree]. Comp. T. A. Rivman. Ed. A. V. Zyuzin. Saratov: Zonalnaya Nauchnaja Biblioteka the V. A. Artisevich Sarat. Univ., 2007. 40 p. (in Russian).

12. Anikin V. M. Vadim S. Anishchenko (To the 70-th anniversary from Birthday). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 83–86 (in Russian).

13. Dmitriev B. S. Petr V. Golubkov: pages of Biography in context of Physical Faculty and University history. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 69–75 (in Russian).

14. Zharkov Yu. D., Koronovskii A. A., Levin Yu. I., Hramov A. E. Department of electronics, oscillations and waves of Saratov State University celebrates sixtieth anniversary. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2012, vol. 12, iss. 1, pp. 78–90 (in Russian).

15. Vsevolod S. Stal’makhov (To the 70-th anniversary from Birthday). Voprosy prikladnoi fi ziki, 1998, iss. 4, pp. 105–109 (in Russian).

16. Anikin V. M. Dmiyry I. Trubetskov (To the 70-th anniversary from Birthday). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2008, vol. 8, iss. 1, pp. 63–71 (in Russian).

17. K 70-letiju so dnja rozhdenija Nikolaja Ivanovicha Sinicyna [Nikolai I. Sinitsyn (To the 70-th anniversary from Birthday)]. J. of Communications Technology and Electronics, 2007, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1278–1279 (in Russian).

18. Alferov Zh. The double heterostructures: concept and applications in physics, electronics and technology. Phys. Usp, 2002, vol. 172, no. 9, pp. 1068–1086 (in Russian).

19. Usanov D. A. On the 100th anniversary of Professor Vladimir P. Zhuse. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2005, vol. 5, iss. 1, pp. 108–109 (in Russian).

20. Usanov D. A. The 70-th Anniversary of the Solid State Department. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2006, vol. 6, iss. 1/2, pp. 85–90 (in Russian).

21. Usanov D. A. 70 years of the Department of Solid State Physics. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics. 2015, vol. 15, iss. 3, pp. 55-61 (in Russian).

22. Zinaida I. Kir’yashkina. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol, 14. Ed. D. A. Usanov. 46 p. (in Russian).

23. Gross E. F., Karryev N. A. Pogloshhenie sveta kristallom zakisi medi v infrakrasnoj i vidimoj chasti spektra [The light absorption by copper oxide in the infrared and visible spectrum]. DAN SSSR [Dokl. Physics], 1952, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 261–264 (in Russian).

24. Anikin V. M. Dmitry A. Usanov (To the 70-th anniversary from Birthday). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics. 2014, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 79–82 (in Russian).

25. Usanov D. A. Blizhnepolevaja skanirujushhaja SVChmikroskopija i oblasti ee primenenija [Near-fi eld scanning microwave microscopy and its application]. Saratov, Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2010. 100 p. (in Russian).

26. Usanov D. A. Gorbatov S. S. Jeffekty blizhnego polja v jelektrodinamicheskih sistemah s neodnorodnostjami i ih ispol’zovanie v tehnike [Near-fi eld effects in electrodynamic systems with inhomogeneities and their use in technics]. Saratov, Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2010, 392 p. (in Russian).

27. Prants S. V., Uleysky M. Yu. Genealogical tree of Russian scientifi c schools on nonlinear dynamics. Bulletin of FEB RAS, 2015, no. 6, pp. 164-172 (in Russian).

28. Anikin V. M. The 80-th anniversaty of the Birth of professor A. F. Goloubentsev (10.07.1933 – 22.08.2003). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2013, vol. 13, iss. 1, pp. 87–88. (in Russian).

29. Anikin V. M., Goloubentsev A. F. Analiticheskie modeli determinirovannogo haosa [Analytical models of deterministic chaos]. Moscow, Fizmatlit, 2007. 328 p. (in Russian).

30. Goloubentsev A. F., Anikin V. M., Arkadaksky S. S. On some properties of the Frobenius–Perron operator for the Bernoulli shifts. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, 2000, vol. 8, iss. 2, pp. 67–73 (in Russian).

31. Goloubentsev A. F., Anikin V. M. Invariant subspaces for linear evolution operators of chaotic maps. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, 2005, vol. 13, no. 1–2, pp. 3–17 (in Russian).

32. Anikin V. M., Remisov A. S., Arkadaksky S. S. Eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the Perron – Frobenius operator of piece-wise linear chaotic maps.. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics. 2007. vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 62–75 (in Russian).

33. Tuchin V. V. The anniversary of the Department of Optics and Biophotonics and centenary of its founder Mark L. Katz. ). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2007, vol. 7, iss. 1, pp. 65–74 (in Russian).

34. Valery V. Tuchin (To the 70th anniversary from Birthday). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 87–90 (in Russian).

35. Sinichkin Yu. P. Department of Optics and Biophotonics: people and light. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 2, pp. 76–78 (in Russian).

36. Anikin V. M. Vladimir I. Karmilov, Physicist, Innovator and Nikolai N. Semenov’s Countryman, Teacher, Friend. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 1, pp. 44–54 (in Russian).

37. Anikin V. M., Usanov D. A. Nikolai N. Semenov: VolgaRegion Themes of the Life. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 2, pp. 47–59 (in Russian).

38. Gol’dfein M. D., Karnaukhova L. I., Kozhevnikov N. V. Professor Aleksander D. Stepukhovich as a organizer of the scientifi c school in the fi eld of chemical physics in Saratov (To the 100th anniversary from Birth). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2011, vol. 11, iss. 2, pp. 85–90 (in Russian).

39. Anikin V. M., Usanov D. A. Dissertacija v zerkale avtoreferata: metod. posobie dlja aspirantov i soiskatelej uchenoj stepeni estestvenno-nauchnyh special’nostej [Dissertation in the Mirror of the Abstract: the Methodological Guidance for Graduate Students and Applicants for Scientifi c Degree of the Natural Science]. 3rd Edition, revised and updated. Moscow, INFRA-M, 2013, 128 p. (in Russian).

40. Anikin V. M., Poizner B. N. Scientifi c supervision by graduate students: “internal” and “external” regulators. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2015, vol. 15, iss. 1, pp. 83–88 (in Russian).

41. Anikin V. M. , Poizner B. N. «Pre-defense» of thesis: Formal requirements and traditions. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, 2014, vol. 22, iss. 2, pp. 95–102 (in Russian).

42. Anikin V. M., Poizner B. N. State fi nal attestation of post-graduate: from formality to preventiveness. Alma mater (Vestnik Vysshei shkoly), 2015, no. 11, pp. 17–21 (in Russian).

43. Anikin V. M., Usanov D. A. Abstract of the thesis: functions, structure, signifi cance. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2008, vol.8, iss. 2, pp. 61–73 (in Russian).

44. Anikin V. M., Poizner B. N. Communicative function of thesis and professional grade of dissertator. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2013, vol. 13, iss. 1, pp. 80–86 (in Russian).

45. Gärtner G., Anikin V. M., Sinitsyn N. I., Bakhtizin R. Z., Gulyaev Yu.V. The 4th International Vacuum Electron Sources Conference. Applied Surface Science. 15 June 2003, vol. 215, iss. 1–4, pp. 1–4.

46. Anikin V. M. IVESC in Saratov. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2007, vol. 7, iss. 1, pp. 75–80 (in Russian).

47. Saliy I. N. On the 60th anniversary of the Faculty of Physics, Saratov State University named after N. G Chernyshevsky (fragments of history). Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2005, vol. 5, iss. 1, pp. 5–38 (in Russian).

48. Anikin V. M. 65 years of Faculty of Physics. Heteromagnetic microelectronics, 2011, no. 9, pp. 4–16 (in Russian).

49. Anikin V. M. The Faculty of Physics in the XXI Century. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 2, pp. 65–71 (in Russian).

50. Anikin V. M. Physics in Saratov University. To the 100 Anniversary of the Physical Institute and the 70th Anniversary of Faculty of Physics. Heteromagnetic microelectronics, 2014, iss. 16, pp. 78–84 (in Russian).

51. Anikin V. M. Faculty of Physics: anniversaries. Voprosy prikladnoi phisiki. Saratov: 2015, iss. 22, pp. 3–8 (in Russian).

52. Rokakh A. G. The third building: Fifties – Early Sixties XX Century. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 1, pp. 77–78 (in Russian).

53. Anikin V.M. Ordinard P. Kolomiytsev. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2011, vol. 11, iss. 2, pp. 79–81 (in Russian).

54. Anikin V. M. Vladimir A. Gribkov. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2014, vol. 14, iss. 2, pp. 85–88 (in Russian).

55. Venig S. B. To the 10th anniversary of the Faculty of nano- and biomedical technologies. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N.S.), Ser. Physics, 2015, vol. 15, iss. 4, pp. 55–57 (in Russian).

Short text (in English): 
Full text (in Russian):